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China becomes the home of PCB in the world
2019-06-21
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Author:ipcb      Share

The current situation of China's PCB industry from the top 100 list
Judging from the list of China's printed circuit list, the PCB industry in mainland China has developed rapidly in the past ten years. In terms of sales volume, in the first ranking list released in 2002, there were only 28 enterprises whose sales revenue reached more than 100 million yuan in 2001, and the sales volume of Guangzhou Tianli was 1.3 billion yuan. Since 2005, the number of enterprises that can enter the list has reached 100. By the 15th session in 2016, 131 PCB enterprises with operating income of 100 million yuan will reach 131, which is 4.7 times of the first one. In terms of revenue, Zhending technology, ranked No.1 in terms of revenue, has reached 16.819 billion yuan, which is 13 times that of Guangzhou Tianli, the first No.1 enterprise 15 years ago. From the regional perspective, the top 100 PCB enterprises are mainly distributed in Shenzhen, Huizhou, Gusu, Shanghai, Kunshan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and other regions.


Domestic PCB products are moving forward from low to high end.

At present, China's PCB industry has entered a stable period of development, and products are mainly concentrated in the low-end PCB with cost advantage. According to the shopping mall data collected by the China Academy of Commerce and industry, in 2016, the proportion of domestic hard board and composite board shopping malls were 13.0% and 3.7% respectively, while those of 4-layer board, 6-layer board and 8-16-layer board accounted for 19.1%, 13.5% and 10.4% respectively. The sales volume of IC carrier board, 18 storey and above high-rise board accounted for only 2.7% and 1.2% respectively. HDI board and flexible board accounted for 16.5% and 17.1% respectively. With the continuous improvement of China's PCB working technology, the product structure is gradually optimized, the sales proportion of traditional single / double-sided boards and multi-layer boards is gradually declining, while the sales proportion of high-tech and high-value-added HDI boards, packaging substrates, flexible boards and other products continues to improve.


New application brings infinite business opportunities for PCB
On February 4, 2017, the national development and Reform Commission (NDRC) released the teaching catalogue of key products and effectiveness of strategic new industry (2016 Edition), covering 8 industries in five major fields, including the new generation of information basic industry, high-end equipment manufacturing industry, new material industry, biological industry, new energy industry, energy conservation and environmental protection industry, digital concept industry and new energy car industry, covering nearly 4000 subdivisions Products and effectiveness. Compared with the version three years ago, nearly 900 items of subdivided products and effectiveness have been added. During this period, the artificial intelligence and digital conception industry has entered the list of teaching catalogue for the first time. The subdivision catalogue of new energy cars has been expanded from the original "pure electric cars and plug-in hybrid cars" to "new energy car products", "charging, power exchange and hydrogenation equipment" and "production inspection equipment".

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At present, the car is moving towards intelligent, and the car work is expected to relay the smart phone into a new type of intelligent terminal. With the continuous expansion of the market proportion of electric cars, intelligent + new energy, the use of electronic components in cars has increased significantly. Car electronics will be an important shopping mall for PCB. However, car work has high requirements for product safety and reliability. Therefore, PCB work should do a good job in technology and production storage before the full blowout of intelligent car and new energy car.


According to an accounting statement released in May by the work monitoring and Coordination Bureau of the Ministry of industry and information technology, the overall work of China's electronic information manufacturing industry continued to develop steadily and steadily since the second half of the previous year in the first quarter of this year. Meanwhile, the production of communication equipment has been increasing at a high speed. In the first quarter, the output value of smart phones alone reached 358.66 million units, an increase of 11.4%; the growth rate of accounting machine production continued to rise, with 39.03 million notebook computers, an increase of 10%. These areas are generally in large demand for PCB. According to the embodiment of current consumer electronic shopping malls, smart phones, wearable, portable medical devices, health equipment, etc., have large capacity, fast product upgrading, and products are becoming lighter, thinner and smaller. PCB work in response to these needs has long been ready for technology and resources.


Artificial intelligence, big data and cloud accounting are strategic new industries supported by the state. From the perspective of product technology and process requirements, they belong to the high-end manufacturing field, and have high requirements for PCB manufacturing equipment and talent team, which also provide outstanding key for the transformation and promotion of PCB work.


Now, in many fields, such as cloud accounting, big data, artificial intelligence, new energy cars, intelligent cars, communications, consumer electronics, health care, wearable devices and many other fields, China has a large number of shopping malls, and a lot of new consumer demand has been born. As an indispensable part of the electronic system, PCB work has brought unlimited business opportunities to the PCB industry. This also proves from another side why China's PCB output value can occupy half of the world's and become the largest PCB supply base.


Opportunities and challenges of PCB work in China
Although the new application puts forward high requirements for raw materials and manufacturing technology, PCB products with low technical difficulty still account for a high proportion in the market. Therefore, the improvement of manufacturing yield rate is the direct embodiment of the competitiveness of enterprises. Such as BGA welding reliability problems, small standard PCB processing process technical problems, thick copper plate processing process control and so on, are PCB enterprises in the strong process of demand attention and processing problems.


The first is the challenge brought by new technology and application to manufacturing technology. Especially for consumer electronics, the standards are getting smaller and smaller, the density is large, and the lead spacing of components is constantly narrowing, which puts forward high requirements for PCB manufacturing and welding process; second, IC work is kneading PCB high-end shopping malls. The situation of new MIS packaging technology and high-end PCB market competition has appeared; the third is that the market competition is intensified, and it is difficult for enterprises to become bigger and stronger; fourth, there is a lack of professional talents, and the training of manufacturing talents will also "start from the baby".


With the transition of PCB work from high-speed growth time to industrial promotion period, the industry competition intensifies, many PCB manufacturers are also initially engaged in the production of cheap electronic chips and plug-ins. According to accounting, at present, there are more than 5000 large and small professional placement factories and plug-in factories in China. The amount of circuit board, patch / plug-in products and electronic products purchased by foreign buyers in China's shopping malls account for more than half of the total amount of their purchases. As can be seen from the list of top 100, the gap between enterprises is not large. There are 15 enterprises with sales revenue of 2-4 billion yuan. PCB is still a highly decentralized job, and it is difficult to form a situation in which one or several companies are dominant. This is very different from the development of IC manufacturing industry.


With the gradual aging of PCB work in China, the increasing speed of work tends to be stable, and the expansion will gradually slow down. It is the most urgent problem for PCB to seek new market increase points. At the same time, the environmental protection department will continue to strengthen the supervision of environmental protection, and have higher requirements for the environmental impact assessment of enterprises. It is necessary to pay attention to the hot issues and requirements of environmental protection policies and adhere to green intelligent manufacturing in the process of healthy and rapid development of PCB work. In addition, the price rise of raw materials, which has lasted for two years, is also an urgent problem in PCB work. Facing a series of difficult problems, all enterprises are trying to seek innovation and development.

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China's PCB work has gone through a long way from catching up to leaping. Now, China's PCB industry has accounted for nearly 50% of the world's PCB industry, becoming the largest PCB supply base in the world. This is best demonstrated by csshow 2017, the Shenzhen International circuit board buying Expo. From August 29 to 31 this year, CS show 2017 will hold the fourth session. The exhibition area and audience number of this kind of work exhibition with the theme of PCB / FPC buying have reached new heights, which fully shows that the focus of global PCB development is shifting to China. However, China has a long way to go to become a real PCB power. Prior to this, industry experts have suggested that PCB enterprises should pay attention to the fact that PCB work in China will not always increase at a high speed in the future, and the product structure of PCB will be greatly changed, the density will increase, and the difficulty will also increase. Therefore, PCB enterprises should optimize the process and improve their automation and intelligence ability.


China is expected to become the home of global PCB work
According to the latest purchasing manager index (PMI) of China's manufacturing industry released by the National Bureau of accounting, the PMI in June 2017 was 51.7%, up 0.5% from the previous month, and the pace of expansion of the manufacturing industry has accelerated. In terms of the sub index, among the five sub indexes that constitute the PMI of the manufacturing industry, the production index and the new order index are higher than the critical point, indicating that China's manufacturing industry continues to increase, and the demand for manufacturing shopping malls is rising steadily.


Specifically, the transfer of global electronic manufacturing industry chain to the Asia Pacific region has led to the eastward migration of PCB industry. At present, most of the world's PCBs are produced in Asia. In 2016, China's mainland accounted for 50%, Taiwan's 12.8%, South Korea's 11.5% and Japan's 9.7%. PCB's in Asia accounted for 84% of the world's total. According to prismark accounting, from 2010 to 2015, the output value of China's PCB stores surged from US $19.971 billion to US $26.7 billion. In 2016, the output value of global PCB shopping malls reached 54.2 billion US dollars, which was lower than that in 2015. In the future, driven by the continuous development of global electronic information industry, the output value of global PCB shopping malls is expected to reach 55.3 billion US dollars in 2017. During this period, an appropriate part of the output value will fall into the hands of China's PCB enterprises.